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Sufi Poet - Rumi (Also called Mevlana, Mawlana, Mawlawi, Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din
Muhammad Rumi, or Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi)
born : Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Balkh (present day Afghanistan),
30th September 1207
famous for : Being one of the most celebrated poets of all time, Sufi
mystic, and for his acceptance of all religions and beliefs.
died: Turkiye - 17th December, 1273
Rumi is a celebrated poet and Sufi mystic that has gained an acceptance
worldwide, with his liberal beliefs on religions and his beautiful
poetry. He is known as Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, or Celaladin
Mehmet Rumi, or Mevlana (in Turkey), or more commonly as simply,
Rumi. He was born in the city of Balkh, where modern day Afghanistan
is now situated.
Rumi came from a colorful family of Islamic jurists, mystics,
and theologians of the Persian empire. Bahauddin Walad was Rumi's
father and author of Ma'arif or Love Notes of Self to Soul, a
book that Rumi admired.
After fleeing from Genghis Khan and his armies, Rumi and his moved
around, until eventually settling in Konya, Turkey. Rumi's father
headed the dervish learning center until he died when Rumi was
just in his twenties, prompting the young poet to take up his
A student of Rumi's father Burhan Mahaqqiq devoted much time to
teaching Rumi about spiritual matters and the secrets of the spirit
Although Rumi was considered a Mystic and wrote of things in spirit,
he was also of the world. He was married a second time after his
first wife died and raised four children. Rumi also played an
active role in the matters of his community.
His meetings with the mystic dervish Shams of Tabriz were perhaps
Rumi's greatest source of inspiration. Rumi and Shams developed
a very close relationship, delving deep into the spirit. Shams
was sent to Damascus and was allegedly killed by students of Rumi
who were jealous of their close relationship. Rumi was grief stricken
by the event and circled a pole, reciting poetry, which became
the origin of the whirling dervishes. The whirling went on to
represent a reaching out to and surrounding to God.
Rumi published many great poems, using common everyday objects
and circumstances to describe the spiritual world. His poems would,
and still do reach those that read them on different levels, with
common folk relating to the beauty of his words, while those that
work harder with their spiritual practices can read of deeper
Rumi passed away on the 17th of December in 1273 and was buried
beside his father in Konya, Turkey. A tomb was built for the great
Sufi poet and remains a sacred site that is visited by visitors
from every part of the world, from all walks of life.
The Mevlana Mausoleum in Konya contains a mosque, dervish living
quarters, dance hall, and resting place of several other important
leaders of the Mevlevi Order.
Visiting information can be found at the official site of the
Rumi tomb at the Mevlana
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